Tarihin Marigayi Sheikh Aliyu Harazimi Kano Daga Saliadeen Sicey

Ali Harazimi

Shimfiɗa 

Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi a Kano a matsayin babban abin koyi na tsoron Allah (taqawa) da gudun duniya.

Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi ya kasance daya daga cikin malaman darikar Tijjaniyya mai alaka da Shaihu Ibrahim Niasse dan kasar Senegal (wanda ya rasu a shekarar 1975). Mabiya Shaihu Ibrahim Niasse sun shahara a kasar nan wajen yin zikiri (karatun littatafan ibada).

A Kano, Zawiyyar Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi, wadda ke a lungu da sako na unguwar Hausawa, ta shahara musamman tun daga shekarun 1980s zuwa sama, saboda irin kokarin da take da shi na tsarin dfikr, bisa la'akari da yawan maimaita ma'anar La ilaha illallahu-Muhammaddun Rasulu '. Allah. Wannan salo a yanzu ya yadu zuwa sauran zawiyya kuma an san shi a kasar Hausa da sunan tambarin gidan Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi (MAZARAR gidan Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi).

Haihuwa.

An haifi Aliyu Harazimi a ranar Alhamis 9 ga watan Zul Hijja na shekara ta 1336 a kalandar Musulunci (1919 na Miladiyya) a unguwar Hausawa, cikin tsohon birnin Kano.

An haife shi a cikin iyali mai daɗaɗɗen Tarihi na ilmantarwa da jagoranci na addini. Mahaifinsa sanannen malamin addini ne kuma muqaddam (mai ba da jagoranci) na Tijjaniyya, Shaihu Muhammad Sani (Muhammad al-Thani), dan Muhammad Dahiru (al-Tahir), dan Sarkin Shanu (lakabin sarauta na gargajiya, wanda aka ba shi. ga wanda ke da alhakin karbar harajin shanu daga hannun Fulani makiyaya) Hassan dan Sarki Ibrahim Dabo Mahmud (ya yi sarauta a shekara ta 1819-1846), shi ne Sarkin Fulani na biyu a Kano bayan jihadin Shaihu Usman Dan Fodio.

Mahaifiyarsa ta kasance mace mai tsananin tsoron Allah, ana ce da ita Maimuna, diyar Abdullahi Mai Panisau, dan Madaki (lakabi mai daraja) na Kano Umar Na-Yaya, dan Alim Jibir, dan Liman Yati, dan Ahmadu Jandaro, wanda ya yi hijira. daga Mayo Belwa, garin Fulani a halin yanzu a jihar Adamawa (arewa maso gabashin Najeriya).

Bisa kabila shi Bafulatani ne na kabilar sisilbe (a kasar Hausa Sullubawa) a bangaren mahaifinsa, kuma na kabilar Fulani Yolawa a bangaren mahaifiyarsa.

A bisa al'adar iyalan malamai na gari, Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi ya fara karatunsa na farko tun a gida a karkashin kulawar mahaifinsa, yana koyon Alkur'ani, gabatarwar Fiqhu (Fiqhu) da kuma Sufanci na asali.

Ya ci gaba da karatun Alkur'ani a karkashin wani shahararren malami da ake kira Malam Salihu. Daga karshen ya kuma karanta kasidar Tijjaniyya, Jawahir al-Ma'ani na Sidi 'Ali Harazim b. 'Arabi Barada (wanda ya rasu a shekara ta 1803), wanda mahaifinsa ya sanya masa suna. Sidi 'Ali Harazim Barada sahabi ne ga wanda ya kafa Darikar Tijjaniyya Shaihu Ahmad al-Tijani (wanda ya rasu a shekara ta 1815).

A farkon shekarun 1940, Shaihu Usman Mai Hula (wanda ya rasu a shekarar 1988), wanda a lokacin wani malamin Kano ne kuma shi kansa dan darikar Tijjaniyya, ya bukaci matashi Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi da ya yi karatu da shi a makarantarsa ​​da ke Diso quarters. Da shi Aliyu ya koyi fikihun Malikiyya da usulul fiqh (kaidar fikihu) da tafsiri (tafsirin alqur'ani) da nahawun larabci da adabi da kuma Sufanci. Ya kuma ci gaba da karatu a karkashin jagorancin babban abokinsa Shaihu Isa Mandawari, wanda ya karanta littafan Hadisi da na Larabci da adabi da fikihu da Sufanci da tafsirin Alqur'ani tare da shi. Kishirwar ilimi kuma ta kai shi karatu a wajen Malam Ado a Kurna duk cikin birnin Kano, da kuma Yaka kuma yayi karatu A karkashin Malam Inuwa.

Neman Addini

Mahaifin Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi yana da dalibai da dama da ya koyar da su, ya fara shiga cikin darikar Tijjaniyya kuma ya horar da su. ya kafa wata karamar zawiya a gidansa da ke unguwar Hausawa, cikin tsohon birnin Kano.

A shekarar 1933 mahaifinsa ya dauke shi tare da Manyan yayansa (Muhammad Mustapha) da wani kanensa (Muhammad al-Ghali) zuwa ga wani sharif ( zuriyar Manzon Allah) da ke zaune a cikin birnin Kano, ana kiransa Baba Adakawa, domin a Kaddamar da su. cikin darikar Tijjaniyya.

A shekarar 1937, Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi ya zama almajirin Shaihu Abubakar Atiku (Abu Bakr al-'Atiq) (D.1974), wanda a lokacin ya zama babban malamin Tijjaniyya a Kano a zamaninsa, kuma wanda ya yi masa nasiha a cikin darikarsa. 

Bayan ziyarar Shaihu Ibrahim Niasse a Kano a shekarar 1945, Shaykh Abubakar Atiku, tare da Shaihu Mai Hula da aka ambata da kuma Wasu  malaman Kano, suka mika wuya ga Sufayen Senegal, game da shi a matsayinsa na Gawth al-Zaman ('. Succor of the Era', matsayi mafi girma a cikin boyayyun matsayi na waliyyai) kuma a matsayin Sahib al-Fayda, 'madogarar ambaliya', wanda ta hanyarsa ake tsammanin fadada Tijjaniyya, tare da zurfin fahimtar ma 'rifa (ilimin allahntaka).

Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi ya samu horon ruhi wanda aka fi sani da tarbiya a shekarar 1946 karkashin jagoransa Shaykh Atiku. Bayan haka, sai ya aika da shi wurin Shaykh Muhammad Gibrima (wanda ya rasu a shekara ta 1975) na Nguru (jihar Yobe ta yau a arewacin Najeriya) don ci gaba da horar da shi.

Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi ya zama babban almajirinsa, har ya kai ga matsayin al-Fat'ul-akbar ('Mafi girman haske'). Ya kuma kai ga tashoshi goma sha daya na ruhi da aka fi sani da Sirr al-sirr ('sirrin ciki', a takaice dai, tashar da ke kwance har ma da 'ruhi''; a nan mai burin ya fahimci abubuwan da ke cikin zahirin hakikanin Annabi Muhammadu Sallallahu alaihi Wasallama. 

Daga karshe ya zama fitaccen malamin Sufaye. Yayin da mahaifinsa ya riga ya ba shi matsayi a shekara ta 1936 a matsayin muƙaddam na gida (shugabanci), a cikin 1947 ne Shaihu Abubakar Atiku ya yi masa babban muƙaddam kai tsaye.

Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi ya shagaltu da khalwa (jamawa ta ruhi) sama da sau talatin a rayuwarsa da nufin tsarkake zuciyarsa da samun matsayi na ruhi.

Ruwayoyi  sun yi yawa game da jajircewar Shaikh Aliyu Harazim da yawa. An ruwaito cewa a wani khalwa sai ya ga kura ta cika dakin. Ya ci gaba da maida hankali kan karatunsa, kamar yadda ubangidansa Shaihu Gibrima ya ce kada ya duba ko ya koma ga duk abin da ya gani. Har ila yau, ya ga wani katon maciji a cikin dakin, wanda zai bayyana a cikin dare, amma ba zai cutar da shi ba, domin yana can yana jin ƙamshin sunayen Allah.

Sakamakon wannan khalwa shi ne tun a wancan lokacin bai taba sha’awar wani abu da ya shafi rayuwar duniya ko ma abin da ya shafi ruhi ba, domin kuwa shi ne kawai sautin (dandanin ruhi) na Ubangiji.

Bayan ya zauna a zawiya da ke unguwar Hausawa da ya gada a wurin mahaifinsa, Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi ya kwashe sama da shekaru sittin na rayuwarsa yana karantarwa, horarwa da kaddamar da dimbin almajirai a Kano da wajenta. An kafa Tijjanizawa da masallatai da makarantun Islamiyya a kasar kai tsaye ko a kaikaice sakamakon tasirinsa.

Littattafai da yawa ana jingina su ga Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi, wasu an buga su, wasu kuma suna yawo a matsayin rubuce-rubuce a tsakanin mabiyansa.

A matsayinsa na Sufi wanda babban abin da ya dame shi shi ne koyar da mai son yadda ake tsarkakewa na Nafs al-Ammara (ƙananan ruhi) don ya mayar da ita cikin Nafs al-kamila (cikakkiyar ruhi).

Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi ya rubuta littafai da dama a fagen ilimin halin ruhi. Waɗannan sun haɗa da, alal misali, Kasr al-nufus ('Karya Rai') da Juhud al-'ajiz ('Ƙoƙarin marasa ƙarfi').

Waɗannan littattafai sun tattauna matakai daban-daban da ƙalubalen da mai neman kamala na ruhaniya zai fuskanta yayin ƙoƙarinsa na samun tsarki.

Wani fanni da Shaihu Aliyu HarazimI ya rubuta a cikinsa shi ne nau'in salawati ga Annabi. An ambaci muhimmancin salati ga Annabi a cikin littafin musulunci da aka saukar. Ga daruruwan Sufaye da yawa, aikin ya zama ginshiƙin ginshiƙan tafarkin ruhi, kamar yadda aka yi imani da cewa yana ba wa mai buri damar shiga 'halartar Annabi' (al-hadra al-Muhammadiyyah) kuma ya sami haske.

Wannan gaskiya ne musamman a cikin Tijjaniyya, wanda a cikin koyarwarsa imani cewa haƙiƙanin Annabi (al-Haqiqa al-Muhammadiyya) shine farkon halittar Allah kuma ruhin Duniya (al-Nafs al-kulli) ya mamaye wuri na tsakiya.

Wasu daga cikin manyan malaman Darikar Tijjaniyya.. sun rubuta littafai irin nasu na salati ga Annabi, wadanda ake karantawa a Najeriya a yau. Wasu misalan sun hada da;

- Yaqutat al-muhtaj, wanda Shaihu Muhammad al-Damrawi ya rubuta (wanda ya rasu a shekara ta 1799), wanda ya kasance aminin Shaihu Ahmad al-Tijani;

- Al-Tibb al-fa'ih, wanda Shaykh 'Abd al-Wahid al-Nazifi ya rubuta (d. 1948);

Da kuma litattafai da dama na irin wanda Shaihun Nijeriya Muhammad Gibrima ya rubuta, wasu daga cikin shahararrun su;

- Jihaz al-sarih...da

- Nata'ij al-safar

Abubuwan da Shaikh Aliyu Harazimi ya tattara na salati ga Annabi sun hada da;

- Sullam al-muhibbin ila hadrat khayr al-mursalin ('Tsinnin Masoya, don Shigowar Fiyayyen Manzanni'), da

- Sir al-asrar ('Sirrin Sirri'), dukansu sun buga su a cikin Kano.

Yadda Shehu Ya Rayu.

Riwayoyi sun yi yawa game da kuruciyar Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi, wanda tun yana karami An ruwaito cewa bai taba zagi ko buge ko fusata wani mutum ba.

Har ila yau, an ruwaito cewa a lokacin yana karami, duk lokacin da mahaifiyarsa za ta aika shi gidan dan uwansa, wanda a matsayinsa na Madaki (lakabin gargajiya) na Kano, yana daya daga cikin manyan sarakunan gargajiya a masarautar Kano, ya kan fashe da kuka don nuna rashin son haduwa da mutane masu fada a ji. 

Kiyayyarsa ga kayan alatu da rayuwar duniya ta taso tun da wuri kuma a lokacin da yake matashi ya kaucewa haduwa da attajirai, manyan ‘yan siyasa, sarakunan gargajiya da manyan jami’an gwamnati. 

Ko a lokacin da ya zama hamshakin malami, yawancin abokansa da dalibansa da mabiyansa talakawa ne.

A shekarar 1987, hamshakin dan kasuwar Kano Alhaji Uba Lida Abubakar ya samu nasarar shawo kan Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi da wani Malamin Kano, Malam Hadi Gwammaja don kai wa shugaban Najeriyar na wancan lokacin, Janar Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida ziyara a gidansa da ke Minna (Nijar). jaha, arewa ta tsakiya Najeriya).

Labarin ya nuna cewa Uba Lida ya gabatar da Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi ga Babangida, Babangida ya roki Shaihin ya yi masa addu’a, sai Shaikh din ya ce masa zai yi salati ga Annabi (Sallala) miliyan hamsin a madadinsa. Babangida ya bai wa Shaikh din makudan kudade a matsayin diyyar addu’o’insa, amma abin mamaki sai Shaihin ya ki karban kyautar, inda ya ce wa Babangida ya gwammace ya ji tsoron Allah.

Bayan dawowarsa Kano, kamar yadda labarin ya nuna, Shaihin ya fashe da kuka na tsawon kwanaki, yana tuba yana neman gafarar Allah kan ziyararsa da ziyararsa da kuma alakarsa ko da kwana daya da wani shugaban siyasa.

A shekarar 1993, Shaihin ya yi tattaki tare da wasu almajirai don ziyartar wani abokinsa da ke zaune a Katsina, mai suna Shaihu Balarabe Sha’iskawa. A hanyarsu ta zuwa Katsina, sun yi hatsari, sai motar da Shaikh din yake ciki ta fada jikin wata bas. Da yake rufe hannunsa na hagu a ƙarƙashin rigarsa, ya gaya wa almajiransa cewa su ci gaba da tafiya. Sai da suka dawo Kano ne suka gano cewa ya karye a hannunsa na hagu a hatsarin, kuma hakarkarinsa na dama ya Motsu, daya daga cikin idonsa ya samu mummunan rauni. 

Da yake ya dauki wadannan raunukan a matsayin bala’in da Allah ya aiko shi domin ya tsawatar da shi kan ziyarar da ya kai wa Shugaban Najeriya, ya ki ya gaya wa kowa halin da yake ciki, tare da hakuri da radadin karyewar da ya yi a tsawon tafiyarsa. Bayan faruwar wannan lamari, Shaikh Aliyu Harazimi ya ci gaba da ki tsayawa yayi jinyar da hannunsa.

Akwai irin wadannan labarai da dama da suke yawo a tsakanin mabiyansa. A daya daga cikinsu ya ki yi wa wani minista na gwamnatin Obasanjo addu’a (1999-2003; 2003-2007) da kuma wani gwamnan babban bankin Najeriya (2009-2014) Sanusi Lamido Sanusi. 

A wani taron makamancin haka, wanda ya faru a gaban shaidu da dama, ya ki amincewa da karimcin da wasu attajirai da dama suka yi masa a lokacin da ya je Kaduna, ya kuma nuna wani talaka mai suna Musa, ya ce ya fi son ya zama bakonsa.

Duk wadannan labaran sun nuna yadda shugabannin Sufaye a Najeriya sukan sha banban a cikin hasashe da suka shahara da cin hanci da rashawa da dabi’un duniya na zamani da kuma musamman na ajin siyasa da ke dada karuwa. 

Duk abin da Shaihu Aliyu Harazimi ya mallaka a kodayaushe ana raba shi ne ga dalibai mabukata da makwabta kuma a lokacin rasuwarsa bai da wata dukiya in ban da gidan mahaifinsa da ya kwashe tsawon rayuwarsa. Kamar yadda ya fada a lokuta da dama, ya dauki bude asusun banki ko barin duk wata dukiya bayan rasuwarsa a matsayin abin kunya da kuma nuna rashin dogaro ga Allah.

Shaykh Aliyu Harazimi ya rasu ne a ranar 11 ga watan Disamba, 2013 kuma an binne shi a cikin gidansa da ke unguwar Hausawa mai lamba 222 a cikin tsohon birnin Kano. Dubun dubatar da suka halarci jana'izar sa, da kuma daruruwan mutane da ke ci gaba da cika lungu da sako na zawiyyarsa a duk yammacin ranar wazifa ta darikar Tijjaniyya, sun shaida yadda Sufanci ke ci gaba da samun karbuwa a kasar nan.

KAMMALAWA 

Na Fassara Daga Littafin Attijaneey

"...and above every possessor of knowledge there is One more learned. Idan An Sami Kurakurai Watakila Daga Fassara Tane

 Sai Ayi hakuri,  Wasu Kalmomin Bansan Yadda Zan Fassarasu Da Hausa Ba!


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